Legal Mechanisms

         Afghanistans Constitution (2004) prohibits gender-bases discrimination.

         The Elimination of Violence against Women Law was passed by Presidential Decrees in 2009.

       A number of amendments to Civil Service Law allowing for greater participation of women in the government organizations.

         Approval of Womens Protection Centers Regulation.

         Approval of Combating Sexual Harassment Regulation.

         Drafting of Family Law.

         Formulation of codes to prevent gender-based Discrimination.

         Afghanistan is a party to seven of the nine core international human rights treaties including the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women. MOWA has established an Inter-Ministerial Committee to contribute to State reporting obligations through these mechanisms.

Structural Level

         Establishment of MOWA as the policy-making and observing government institution for women and girl’s rights.

         Establishment of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission to monitor, protect and promote the human rights of all citizens.

         Establishment of the Family Court.

         Establishment of Commissions on Elimination of Violence against Women in the capital and provinces.

         Establishment of special violence  against women units in 26 provincial offices of the Attorney General

         35% of the 8.5 million students currently in school are girls, in 2002 there were only 900,000 students, nearly all of them boys.

         34% Of the 184,024 teachers working in Afghanistan’s schools are women.

         In 2002 a woman died in childbirth every 27 minutes; in 2016 that has been reduced to one woman every two hours


Afghanistan now has the highest number of women in senior government positions in its history.


Women constitute 28% of the Lower House of Afghanistans Parliament and 18% of the Upper House, including four women Cabinet ministers and nine female deputy ministers


20% of public sector jobs are held by women. There are four female ambassadors and one female governor.

There is now one woman Deputy of the High Pease Council and one advisor to the Council.

There are 240 women judges in Afghanistan’s legal /Justice system and the National Unity Government has pledge to ensure women’s participation at all levels.


Despite of all these tangible achievements, the country is viewed as “fragile”. Many women are not experiencing the benefits of the progress that has been achieved, and there is still a great deal of uncertainty around achieving sustainable peace and development.

Deteriorating security conditions and other upheavals mean that Afghan women and girls are still among the most vulnerable populations in the country, enduring high levels of violence and deprivation that ranges from accessing basic health and education services. Women are also still underrepresented in decision- making processes at all levels.


87% women in Afghanistan experience some kind of violence during their lifetime, with 62% reporting multiple forms.

39% their husband has hit them in the past year and around 52% of women experience physical violence in their lifetimes.

57% of brides in Afghanistan are under the age of 16. Girls are often forced into marriages at an early age to settle financial and political debts.




The Government of Afghanistan is committed to gender equality and the adoption of the National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan (NAPWA) and National Action Plan (NAP) on the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution

1325 on women, peace and security are crucial commitments for Afghanistan.


MOWA is mandated to lead government efforts in these areas. This includes mainstreaming gender in all government programmes and policies, as well as overseeing programmes on womens advancement, leading policy initiatives and conducting advocacy, public education and outreach on womens rights.


To continue to progress and sustain the advancement of women, MOWA has been tasked with working on a number of key priority areas, including:

  • Operationalizing the National Action Plan for UNSCR 1325 in a way that strengthens women’s participation in decision-making, elections and peace processes, and guarantees the protection of women from all forms of violence and discrimination.
  • Improving women’s access to justice.

  • Providing support for survivors of violence.


The Government of Afghanistan is committed to recruiting 10,000 women by the end of March 2017.